Japanese Politics – Japon Online http://japononline.net/ Fri, 11 Jun 2021 18:42:04 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.7.2 https://japononline.net/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/default1-150x150.png Japanese Politics – Japon Online http://japononline.net/ 32 32 China says US revocation of Chinese apps ban a “positive step” – Lowell Sun https://japononline.net/china-says-us-revocation-of-chinese-apps-ban-a-positive-step-lowell-sun/ https://japononline.net/china-says-us-revocation-of-chinese-apps-ban-a-positive-step-lowell-sun/#respond Fri, 11 Jun 2021 15:38:37 +0000 https://japononline.net/china-says-us-revocation-of-chinese-apps-ban-a-positive-step-lowell-sun/ Associated Press BEIJING (AP) – China’s Commerce Ministry said on Thursday that the United States’ decision to revoke Trump administration executive orders to ban apps like TikTok and WeChat was a “positive step,” against a backdrop of relations tense between the two countries. “We hope the United States will treat Chinese companies fairly and avoid […]]]>


Associated Press

BEIJING (AP) – China’s Commerce Ministry said on Thursday that the United States’ decision to revoke Trump administration executive orders to ban apps like TikTok and WeChat was a “positive step,” against a backdrop of relations tense between the two countries.

“We hope the United States will treat Chinese companies fairly and avoid politicizing economic and trade issues,” ministry spokesman Gao Feng said at a regular press conference Thursday.

Gao said the US decision to revoke previous government actions against apps like TikTok and WeChat was a “positive step in the right direction.”

The White House on Wednesday revoked some blanket-like orders made under former President Donald Trump against Chinese apps, including the WeChat messaging app, the short TikTok video app, and the Alipay payment app. A new executive order from President Joe Biden said the United States would conduct “evidence-based” analysis of transactions involving apps created, provided or controlled by China.

The Chinese Foreign Ministry reiterated in a daily press briefing that China will continue to defend its interests. He urged the United States “to stop generalizing the concept of national security and abusing state power to suppress Chinese technology companies.”

Courts blocked the Trump administration’s efforts last year to ban TikTok and WeChat, but the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS) is still conducting a national security review of TikTok.

The Biden administration’s stance reflects fears that users’ personal data could be exposed by popular China-related apps if the ruling Communist Party presses companies to share data.

The administration said in February it was replacing Trump’s approach with a more focused strategy. Whether TikTok and other apps pose a danger to Americans has yet to be discussed.

A senior administration official said on Wednesday that Trump’s actions were “not always implemented in the healthiest way.” The aim of the review is to define clear criteria to assess the specific data security and privacy risks for each application, he said.

This could lead to a range of potential future actions on an application-by-application basis.

“We want to take a tailored and tough approach here,” he said.

CFIUS had set deadlines for TikTok to divest its operations in the United States, but such a sale did not take place.

Last week, the Biden administration expanded a list of Chinese companies on a Trump-era blacklist believed to have ties to the Chinese military and surveillance. US companies and individuals cannot invest in these companies, which include telecommunications equipment supplier Huawei and Chinese oil company China National Offshore Oil Corp.

Chinese officials and companies have denied that their products and services pose a security threat.

Relations between Beijing and Washington remain strained, with each side having imposed sanctions, including tariffs on the other’s exports.

The Chinese legislature on Thursday passed a law establishing the legal basis for retaliation against foreign sanctions on issues such as Hong Kong and the northwestern region of Xinjiang, where China is accused of restricting freedoms and committing rights violations humans. The anti-sanctions law allows China to refuse to issue visas, deny entry, cancel visas and deport those responsible for formulating and enforcing sanctions as well as seizing their cases. assets in China and to prohibit financial transactions and other interactions with them.

Foreign Ministry spokesman Wang Wenbin said the law aims to “resolutely protect national sovereignty, dignity and fundamental interests, and oppose Western hegemonism and power politics.” . and to “provide legal support and guarantees to the country to counter discriminatory measures by a foreign country in accordance with the law”.

Wang lambasted Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin’s calls for more attention to China’s growing military might, accusing Washington of “playing the China card” as a pretext to increase US military spending and seek to “contain” China “.

He also protested Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga’s reference to Taiwan as a country during a parliamentary debate on Wednesday. China views the island’s self-governing democracy as its own territory and is quick to reprimand anyone or any company that calls it a country.

Suga briefly referred to Taiwan, New Zealand and Australia when responding to a question about pandemic measures and then referred to them as “three countries.”

Wang said the comment violated Japan’s “solemn promise not to treat Taiwan as a country.”

“We deeply regret Japan’s erroneous remarks and have lodged solemn complaints with Japan, demanding that Japan immediately provide clear clarifications to eliminate the adverse effects caused by the relevant remarks and to ensure that such situations do not recur.” Wang said.

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This story has been corrected to show that the anti-sanctions law contains specific measures to punish those who formulate and implement sanctions against Chinese individuals and organizations.



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‘Last surviving Saibai warrior’ recalls WWII service in Australia’s only fully Indigenous military unit https://japononline.net/last-surviving-saibai-warrior-recalls-wwii-service-in-australias-only-fully-indigenous-military-unit/ https://japononline.net/last-surviving-saibai-warrior-recalls-wwii-service-in-australias-only-fully-indigenous-military-unit/#respond Fri, 11 Jun 2021 05:30:00 +0000 https://japononline.net/last-surviving-saibai-warrior-recalls-wwii-service-in-australias-only-fully-indigenous-military-unit/ Warusam, who traveled to Cairns in far north Queensland to enlist, says he thought of his family as he picked up the pen to sign. Loading “I am signing this form to defend my family, to defend my country, to keep Australia free,” he said. “All my comrades – Aborigines, Europeans, island boys – we […]]]>


Warusam, who traveled to Cairns in far north Queensland to enlist, says he thought of his family as he picked up the pen to sign.

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“I am signing this form to defend my family, to defend my country, to keep Australia free,” he said. “All my comrades – Aborigines, Europeans, island boys – we broke bread with everyone, we are all brothers.

Battalion members originally received only one-third of the pay of white soldiers of equal rank. In response, some went on strike briefly in December 1943, and a few months later the military agreed to increase their pay to two-thirds that of white soldiers. They finally received the full salary arrears in 1986.

Warusam remembers doing all day exercises on Thursday Island and Hammond Island, and night walks around Horn Island.

When the Japanese bombed Horn Island one night, he remembers everyone running.

“Before a raid, they saw planes coming in. They told us not to fire any shots because they [the Japanese] maneuver this area to take pictures. They took these pictures, and then they sent planes, and that’s when you can use a machine gun or a rifle.

Warusam with wife Rona, 93, and great-grandchild Masterson Waia, 5 months old, at their home on Saibai Island.Credit:Kate geraghty

When the war ended in 1945, most of the battalion was demobilized. Warasum and his cousin were forced to stay on the Cape York Peninsula to assist the military with various tasks as part of the demobilization effort.

Six months later, he was also released and returned to Saibai Island, where he is today.

Saibai is Australia’s northernmost island, less than 4 kilometers from mainland Papua New Guinea. Warusam was among those who lined up to get vaccinated last week as part of a massive effort to immunize Torres Strait Islanders to guard against the threat of COVID-19 leakage from the other side of the border.

Warren Entsch, Liberal MP for Leichhardt in North Queensland, says Australians must recognize the sacrifices made by members of the battalion. He calls Warusam the “last surviving Saibai warrior.”

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“The Torres Strait was the second most bombed place in Australia after Darwin. There were a number of people killed there, ”Entsch says. “When they called for recruits, these guys volunteered en masse. And that left most communities without able-bodied men. “

Their service had a profound impact on the lives of everyone in Torres Strait, he says, including introducing them to a Western diet, which brought diabetes, along with alcohol and cigarettes.

“People should know the sacrifice they made… they weren’t recognized as Australian citizens, weren’t able to vote, paid only a fraction of what non-island members were paid , and yet they held on. Mebai represents this group of about 880 soldiers.

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Toshiba has colluded with Japanese ministry to undermine shareholders, survey finds https://japononline.net/toshiba-has-colluded-with-japanese-ministry-to-undermine-shareholders-survey-finds/ https://japononline.net/toshiba-has-colluded-with-japanese-ministry-to-undermine-shareholders-survey-finds/#respond Thu, 10 Jun 2021 09:34:32 +0000 https://japononline.net/toshiba-has-colluded-with-japanese-ministry-to-undermine-shareholders-survey-finds/ Japan’s influential Commerce Ministry effectively colluded with Toshiba Corp management to influence shareholder votes on director nominees at last year’s annual general meeting, independent investigation found . Discrediting the government’s efforts to improve corporate governance in Japan, the investigators’ report explains how the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) relied on the endowment fund […]]]>


Japan’s influential Commerce Ministry effectively colluded with Toshiba Corp management to influence shareholder votes on director nominees at last year’s annual general meeting, independent investigation found . Discrediting the government’s efforts to improve corporate governance in Japan, the investigators’ report explains how the Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (METI) relied on the endowment fund of the Harvard University and other foreign investors in Toshiba.

Thursday’s revelations come after Singapore-based main shareholder Effissimo Capital Management and other activist investors in March successfully pushed for an investigation – a historic victory for shareholder activism in Japan. Since then, the Toshiba scandal has seen former chief executive Nobuaki Kurumatani step down with the unrest that followed, leading to a $ 20 billion bid for the CVC Capital conglomerate. Although Toshiba rejected the offer, it said it would conduct a strategic review.

Reuters previously reported https://jp.reuters.com/article/toshiba-board-idCNL1N2J4052 Harvard’s endowment fund had been told by a Japanese government adviser that it could be subject to regulatory investigation if the fund was not following management’s recommendations at the AGM last July. This appeared to be corroborated by investigators’ investigation, which found that Toshiba had de facto asked a government adviser to speak to the Harvard Fund to change its vote to support Toshiba’s management and oppose the proposals of activist shareholders.

The Harvard fund ultimately abstained from voting. The investigation also revealed that Toshiba, along with the ministry, had tried to force Effissimo to withdraw shareholder proposals for board candidates aimed at improving governance.

“Toshiba, so to speak in unison with the METI, has devised a plan to prevent Effissimo from exercising its right to propose a shareholder at the AGM,” says the report which was produced by three lawyers. No one was immediately available to comment at the ministry. The ministry previously said it never asked the advisor to contact Toshiba shareholders.

Beaten by accounting scandals dating back to 2015, massive write-downs of its US nuclear activity and the sale of a semiconductor unit, Toshiba is a shadow of itself. Even so, the once-legendary conglomerate is one of the few domestic manufacturers of nuclear reactors and also manufactures defense equipment, which makes it extremely important to the Japanese government.

Toshiba said it “will carefully review this investigation report and expects to comment on the results of this investigation at a later date.” Activist investors are estimated to make up around 25% of Toshiba’s shareholder base – an unusually high proportion after the company, on the brink of collapse, had to quickly issue some $ 5.5 billion in shares in 2017.

(This story was not edited by Devdiscourse staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)



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Japan, Australia insist on Taiwan Strait peace in 2 + 2 talks https://japononline.net/japan-australia-insist-on-taiwan-strait-peace-in-2-2-talks/ https://japononline.net/japan-australia-insist-on-taiwan-strait-peace-in-2-2-talks/#respond Wed, 09 Jun 2021 15:03:00 +0000 https://japononline.net/japan-australia-insist-on-taiwan-strait-peace-in-2-2-talks/ TOKYO – Japan and Australia stressed “the importance of peace and stability across the Taiwan Strait” in a statement Wednesday following a meeting of their defense and defense chiefs. diplomacy, emphasizing the security cooperation between two US allies on the front lines of deterrence against China. Japanese Foreign Minister Toshimitsu Motegi and Defense Minister Nobuo […]]]>


TOKYO – Japan and Australia stressed “the importance of peace and stability across the Taiwan Strait” in a statement Wednesday following a meeting of their defense and defense chiefs. diplomacy, emphasizing the security cooperation between two US allies on the front lines of deterrence against China.

Japanese Foreign Minister Toshimitsu Motegi and Defense Minister Nobuo Kishi held virtual talks with their Australian counterparts Marise Payne and Peter Dutton. It was the first two plus two meeting of the two nations since October 2018 and the ninth of its kind between Tokyo and Canberra.

It was the first mention of the Taiwan Strait in a statement by the foreign and defense ministers of the two countries. The strait appeared in a joint statement in April by US President Joe Biden and Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga and is expected to be written in an upcoming Group of Seven statement, as countries seek to curb Beijing’s growing military pressure on Taiwan.

Officials expressed “serious concerns” about the situation in the East and South China Seas, citing “unilateral” attempts to “change the status quo” by apparently referring to Chinese activity. They also noted “concern” over legislation passed by China earlier this year that turned Beijing’s coastguard into a quasi-military force and granted it broad powers.

On the security cooperation front, ministers confirmed that the Japan Self-Defense Forces are authorized to protect Australian Defense Forces assets under a new framework, making Australia the second country allowed to benefit such protection after the United States, Japan’s only ally.

The SDF is “ready to provide protection” in this context “at the request of the ADF, whenever the opportunity arises,” the statement said.

The two countries also said they will speed up their efforts to sign a reciprocal access agreement, which will reduce the red tape involved in bringing forces from one country into the other for exercises and joint operations. An agreement in principle was reached in November.

Asked about the statement at a press conference, Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Wang Wenbin urged Tokyo and Canberra to “stop interfering in China’s internal affairs and stop undermining regional peace and stability “.



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US uses Quad to strengthen critical supply chains https://japononline.net/us-uses-quad-to-strengthen-critical-supply-chains/ https://japononline.net/us-uses-quad-to-strengthen-critical-supply-chains/#respond Tue, 08 Jun 2021 19:32:00 +0000 https://japononline.net/us-uses-quad-to-strengthen-critical-supply-chains/ WASHINGTON – The United States will work with the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue countries and the Group of Seven to address supply chain vulnerabilities for semiconductors and other strategic materials, White House report released Tuesday. US dependence on China for chips and other critical products has raised concerns, especially as countries compete globally. President Joe Biden […]]]>


WASHINGTON – The United States will work with the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue countries and the Group of Seven to address supply chain vulnerabilities for semiconductors and other strategic materials, White House report released Tuesday.

US dependence on China for chips and other critical products has raised concerns, especially as countries compete globally. President Joe Biden aims to strengthen domestic supply chains in cooperation with partners such as Quad members, Japan, Australia and India, although it is not clear whether Washington can secure enough funding for its ambitious plans.

“It is important to rebuild domestic manufacturing capacity for key products,” a senior administration official told reporters on Monday ahead of the report’s release. “We want to see a more diverse set of suppliers.”

The report was released in response to an executive order from Biden in February to examine supply chains spanning semiconductors, electric vehicle batteries, pharmaceuticals, and rare earth minerals.

“We need to rebuild our manufacturing base of small and medium-sized enterprises, which has borne the brunt of the exhaustion of American manufacturing,” the report said, citing a lack of investment in critical areas, political failures, an approach short term in the private sector and other factors.

“The United States cannot address vulnerabilities in its supply chain on its own,” the report warned. Washington should expand “multilateral diplomatic engagement on supply chain vulnerabilities, in particular through like-minded groupings of allies such as the Quad and the G-7,” and hold a global forum on supply chain resilience with US allied government and private sector stakeholders.

On semiconductors, which have become a major economic security issue around the world, the report encourages the United States to continue its trade diplomacy with countries like Japan and South Korea.

Biden and Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga agreed on greater cooperation in chip supply chains at their April summit. South Korea, at Biden’s May meeting with President Moon Jae-in, said Samsung Electronics would invest $ 17 billion to build a new plant in the United States.

American semiconductor companies have long outsourced their production to Asian suppliers. The United States accounted for 12% of global chip production in 2020, according to the Semiconductor Industry Association, ranking below Taiwan’s 22%, South Korea’s 21% and Japan’s 15%. China, which also produced 15%, is heavily subsidizing domestic chipmakers to expand its global presence.

Taiwanese companies produce 92% of advanced chips. To reduce the United States’ reliance on overseas sourcing, the report urged Congress to provide at least $ 50 billion to support semiconductor development and production.

Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co. is building new US plant, and Biden wants to offer grants to encourage more chipmakers to locate in the US

The report also calls for strengthening the electric vehicle battery industry by tapping into the Department of Energy’s $ 17 billion advanced-technology vehicle manufacturing loan program. Ford Motor last month announced a joint plant with South Korean SK Innovation, and the US is looking to help US and South Korean players catch up with China’s Contemporary Amperex Technology Ltd., which dominates the industry with a share about 25%.

China is also a leader in rare earth metals, supplying around 60% of global production. The report urged the US International Development Finance Corp. to increase investments in projects aimed at increasing the production of these elements, with a view to greater cooperation with Australia. The administration will also explore potential sites for home production and processing facilities and examine the possibility of relaxing regulations on the ground.

In the pharmaceutical sector, the White House will launch a public-private body to support American production. It will identify 50 to 100 products and seek to establish new supply chains that are not dependent on China. The report identified India as a key producer of pharmaceuticals, suggesting potential partnerships with the country.

Biden will also target dumping and other unfair trade practices as the administration creates a “trade strike force.” It will also consider whether to initiate an investigation into neodymium magnets under Section 232 of the Trade Expansion Act of 1962, which allows the United States to restrict imports that threaten national security. Magnets are a key part of motors and other devices.

The United States is increasingly concerned about its reliance on foreign supply chains, especially as a global chip shortage is hitting automakers and various other companies. The report recommends that the government monitor supply and demand and “improve information sharing between federal agencies and the private sector” to identify short-term risks.

But there is little government can do in the short term, and long-term changes require legislative support. The Senate deliberates on funding to strengthen the semiconductor industry. The report urged Congress to approve $ 15 billion for the national electric vehicle charging infrastructure and pass legislation to establish a Commerce Department body to oversee supply chains.

The report also called for congressional action to enact the US Jobs Plan – a $ 2 trillion proposal from the Biden administration to rebuild US infrastructure and industry. But the Republican Party has opposed raising corporate taxes to fund the initiative, and future efforts to strengthen U.S. supply chains depend on negotiations between the Democratic and Republican parties.



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Can the Japanese government cancel the Olympics? Yes, it is possible – Monash Lens https://japononline.net/can-the-japanese-government-cancel-the-olympics-yes-it-is-possible-monash-lens/ https://japononline.net/can-the-japanese-government-cancel-the-olympics-yes-it-is-possible-monash-lens/#respond Mon, 07 Jun 2021 23:01:32 +0000 https://japononline.net/can-the-japanese-government-cancel-the-olympics-yes-it-is-possible-monash-lens/ In April, Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga declared: “The IOC has the power to decide, and the IOC has already decided to host the Tokyo Olympics,” and thus declared his government powerless to cancel the event in the face of to a pandemic. which put Tokyo in a state of emergency and killed more than […]]]>


In April, Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga declared: “The IOC has the power to decide, and the IOC has already decided to host the Tokyo Olympics,” and thus declared his government powerless to cancel the event in the face of to a pandemic. which put Tokyo in a state of emergency and killed more than 10,000 of its citizens.

It is a remarkable statement by the prime minister of a sovereign nation. But is this correct? Is the Japanese government powerless to cancel the Olympics? Does this power only belong to the International Olympic Committee (IOC)?

The answer to the question of whether the Japanese government can cancel the Olympics is yes, it can. The most relevant questions, however, are whether this should be the case and who should bear the consequences if it happens?

Let’s take a look at each question in turn.

Can the Japanese government cancel the Olympics?

While Clause 66 of the Tokyo Olympics Host City Contract grants the power to end the Games to the IOC only – and therefore at first glance seems to suggest that no other party has the right to cancel the event – the contract is between the IOC and the City of Tokyo, the Japanese Olympic Committee and the Tokyo Organizing Committee for the Olympic and Paralympic Games (OCOG).

The Japanese government is not a party to the contract, and the contract is silent on the ability of the Japanese government to close its border, impose restrictions on the movement and assembly of people, or take other measures to protect the health of its citizens which would make the organization of the Olympic Games impossible.

And in doing so, the Japanese government could violate the covenants and guarantees it has provided for the hosting of the Olympics by Tokyo, this has consequences, not capacity.

Should the Japanese government cancel the Olympics?

Can the Olympics be held safely and without the spread of COVID-19? With a bit of luck. It is clear that every effort is being made to do so. However, health issues – although of paramount importance – are only a consideration. There is also a question of priorities.

It is instructive that the Tokyo Medical Practitioners Association representing 6,000 primary care physicians has called for the games to be canceled, and that public opinion is also strongly against the conduct of the games. Even the leaders of Japan’s business community are questioning the wisdom of conducting the games, as are some of its top sportsmen.

However, canceling the Olympics would be a national humiliation and a blow to how Japan is viewed by other countries and how it sees itself. There would be damage to the national psyche. And, of course, there would be a significant financial cost to anyone who invested in making the games run.

The figures cited are astronomical, with some estimates of the cost of canceling the Olympics reaching 1.81 trillion yen (AU $ 21.3 billion).

Like all difficult decisions, the “should” question involves balancing – and sometimes making compromises – complex health, economic, social and political considerations. Finding these balances and making these compromises is the domain and the responsibility of democratically elected governments, and not of organizations such as the IOC, whatever the virtue of their missions.

Who should bear the consequences if the Japanese government cancels the Olympics?

The political cost of canceling the Olympics (and not canceling the Olympics) will be borne by the Japanese government. But who would bear the financial cost?

The Host City Contract specifies the City of Tokyo, the Japanese Olympic Committee and the OCOG. In turn, they would likely turn to the Japanese government (and their insurers). But the Host City Contract is the starting point of the analysis, not the end point.

The contract provides that disputes must be resolved by the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS), and failing that, the Swiss courts, and according to Swiss law.

Swiss law recognizes the capacity of a party to terminate a contract when extraordinary and unforeseen circumstances beyond the control of the party make the performance as initially envisaged impossible or unreasonable. And while the CAS and Swiss courts have applied strict standards in determining whether such circumstances exist, its application to the “unprecedented” nature of COVID-19 cannot be ruled out.

A dispute of this nature and magnitude – and around which there is legal uncertainty – is most likely to be resolved in a boardroom, not a courtroom, and through mediation and negotiation, and not by litigation.

All this means that the legal situation is uncertain, and the potential players important (once you also take into account broadcasters, sponsors and their insurers, for example). It has all the characteristics of an avocado picnic.

A dispute of this nature and magnitude – and around which there is legal uncertainty – is most likely to be resolved in a boardroom, not a courtroom, and through mediation and negotiation, and not by litigation.

The Japanese government would enter these negotiations occupying high moral ground. The IOC, however, would enter it with more power.

The IOC determines which countries and which athletes participate in their competitions. The IOC has used this power in the past to suspend national teams from participating in its competitions in order to sanction governments that it considers to have acted in a manner hostile to its interests. The most notable and recent example is the IOC’s decision to suspend the Russian national team from competing at the 2018 Winter Olympics.

It’s a big stick. At the end of any negotiation, the Japanese government may bear the lion’s share of the financial costs if the Olympics are canceled, but that doesn’t mean it can’t or shouldn’t.





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Business News | Stock market and stock market news https://japononline.net/business-news-stock-market-and-stock-market-news/ https://japononline.net/business-news-stock-market-and-stock-market-news/#respond Mon, 07 Jun 2021 02:20:48 +0000 https://japononline.net/business-news-stock-market-and-stock-market-news/ Through Market capitalisation.Net sales.Net profit.Total assets.Excise.Other income.Raw materials.Power amplifier; Fuel.Employee cost.PBDIT.Interest.Tax.EPS.Investments.Various debtors.Cash / Bank.Inventory.Debt.Contingent liabilities. Screen review AbrasivesAeronautics & DefenseAgricultureAir conditionersAirlines companiesAluminum and aluminum productsAmusement parks / Leisure / ClubAquacultureAuto accessoriesAutomotive Accessories – Air Conditioning PartsAuto Accessories – Auto, Truck and Motorcycle PartsAuto Ancillaries – Axle shaftsAuto Accessories – BearingsAuto Accessories – BrakesAuto Accessories – […]]]>




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Opinion: Trends are emerging in New Zealand’s relations with China https://japononline.net/opinion-trends-are-emerging-in-new-zealands-relations-with-china/ https://japononline.net/opinion-trends-are-emerging-in-new-zealands-relations-with-china/#respond Sat, 05 Jun 2021 01:41:10 +0000 https://japononline.net/opinion-trends-are-emerging-in-new-zealands-relations-with-china/ What are the trends ? The first – as the list above illustrates – is the concerted effort to balance pro-China statements with more critical statements that will appease Western allies. Another trend – closely related to the first – is the love of the theater. This week’s carefully orchestrated and choreographed summit in Queenstown […]]]>


What are the trends ?

The first – as the list above illustrates – is the concerted effort to balance pro-China statements with more critical statements that will appease Western allies.

Another trend – closely related to the first – is the love of the theater.

This week’s carefully orchestrated and choreographed summit in Queenstown – and the joint statement released by Australian and New Zealand leaders – echoed Ardern’s carefully written words at the China Business Summit last month.

After several weeks of surprisingly vicious and sustained criticism in response to Mahuta’s comments on the Five Eyes, Ardern’s May 3 speech underscored the “differences” with Beijing. It was an address carefully crafted to give the impression that New Zealand had listened – and was now turning back west.

In fact, Ardern’s remarks were gentle. Nothing substantial had really changed.

In that sense, this week’s Queenstown reunion was just another act of the 2021 Sino-New Zealand play.

On this point, the finest analysis has perhaps come from China itself. An analysis published in the Global Times – a forum for Beijing to express its opinions more informally – observed that “the joint statement between Canberra and Wellington did not really go beyond New Zealand’s previous position on issues related to China “. If New Zealand’s position seemed a bit harsher, it was to “show some respect and support for Australia’s sentiments”, rather than indicate that New Zealand “was blindly joining a anti-China tank “.

These very short-term trends are important.

But the same goes for longer term ones.

One is New Zealand’s growing enthusiasm for the “Indo-Pacific” geopolitical concept.

The Indo-Pacific – a substitute for the more common Asia-Pacific – was initially used by an Indian scholar in 2007, before being co-opted by Japanese and Australian policymakers around 2011.

But it was the Trump administration – and particularly Secretary of State Mike Pompeo – that really popularized the concept and brought it into the diplomatic mainstream.

The hidden but unsubtle goal of the “Indo-Pacific” is to downplay China’s centrality in the region.

It’s no surprise that Winston Peters – a Chinese skeptic known for his pro-American stance – became a big fan of the term during his tenure as foreign minister.

But it may come as a surprise that Nanaia Mahuta and Jacinda Ardern – hardly the Trump administration’s biggest fans – continued to adopt the term after Peters left.

On the contrary, the Labor government has grown even more enthusiastic about it – as evidenced by the use of the Indo-Pacific in this year’s budget documents.

To be fair, New Zealand is still largely reluctant to use the extended and even more blunt version of the phrase often used by the United States and its closest allies: a “free and open Indo-Pacific.”

But even that may only be a matter of time. The enthusiasm of Labor for the Indo-Pacific shows that the popularity of the term transcends party lines.

The inspiration to do so may well come from across the Pacific: although it has largely repudiated anything about Trump, the Biden administration itself has embraced Indo-Pacific rhetoric and pressure on itself wholeheartedly. the China that the Trump administration launched.

It is not difficult to find examples of this continuity. In March, US Secretary of State Antony Blinken and Secretary of Defense chose to jointly travel (in itself a very unusual trip) to Japan and South Korea for their symbolic first overseas trip. And that same month, the Quad, a relatively new grouping of Australia, India, Japan and the United States that exemplifies the Indo-Pacific concept, held its first summit, in virtual form.

In diplomatic terms, the symbolism of these Indo-Pacific meetings – and their early timing – is kind of a hammer.

And it is this latter trend – continuity and consensus between administrations of very different political persuasions – that may prove to be the most important of all.

Democracy Project

Geoffrey Miller is an international analyst at the Democracy Project. He has lived and traveled extensively in the Middle East and is fluent in Arabic.



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Chinese ships sail near Senkaku Islands for 112 consecutive days https://japononline.net/chinese-ships-sail-near-senkaku-islands-for-112-consecutive-days/ https://japononline.net/chinese-ships-sail-near-senkaku-islands-for-112-consecutive-days/#respond Fri, 04 Jun 2021 17:06:00 +0000 https://japononline.net/chinese-ships-sail-near-senkaku-islands-for-112-consecutive-days/ TOKYO – The Chinese coastguard has made repeated forays into the waters around the Japanese-administered Senkaku Islands in the East China Sea, setting a record for the number of consecutive days. Chinese ships crossed the contiguous area around the islands on Friday for the 112th day in a row, according to the Japanese Coast Guard. […]]]>


TOKYO – The Chinese coastguard has made repeated forays into the waters around the Japanese-administered Senkaku Islands in the East China Sea, setting a record for the number of consecutive days.

Chinese ships crossed the contiguous area around the islands on Friday for the 112th day in a row, according to the Japanese Coast Guard. They have entered the contiguous zone every day since mid-February, surpassing the previous record of 111 consecutive days from April to August 2020.

China also trespassed into the territorial sea of ​​Japan for four days in April and five days in May. From January to May, China entered the waters for a total of 20 days. This has led to a number of incidents where Chinese vessels have approached Japanese fishing vessels. On May 29, four Chinese Coast Guard vessels approached three Japanese fishing boats, prompting Japanese Coast Guard patrol vessels to ensure their safety.

The islands, which China claims and calls the Diaoyu, lie about 170 km northeast of Taiwan.

“This year is a special year for the government led by Xi Jinping as it marks the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Chinese Communist Party,” said Rumi Aoyama, professor at Waseda University in Tokyo. “He is focusing on sovereignty issues to show his strength at home. He could therefore take aggressive action around the Senkaku to keep Japan in check.”

“It will be important for Japan to make an effort to make its position understood,” she added. “Collaboration with the United States and Europe will have a chilling effect. And we also need a mechanism to prevent unexpected developments by setting up a channel [of communication] with China. “

The Senkaku Islands in the East China Sea. © Kyodo

Japanese Defense Minister Nobuo Kishi said the actions of Chinese ships “are unacceptable” during a press briefing on Friday. “We will take all possible measures for vigilant surveillance and intelligence gathering,” he said.

Chinese Navy warships have also been spotted around the Nansei Islands, a chain stretching southwest from Japan to Taiwan. On May 31, three ships, including a guided missile destroyer, crossed the southern coast of Kagoshima Prefecture, entering the Pacific Ocean. In April, the Chinese aircraft carrier Liaoning sailed between the main island of Okinawa and the island of Miyako on two occasions.

“The Chinese Coast Guard has more ships than the Japanese Coast Guard,” said Masafumi Iida of the Japanese National Institute for Defense Studies. “It is possible that he will make a move on the Senkaku.”

“In another scenario, China invades an isolated island off the coast of Taiwan and the US military steps in. Since China considers the Senkakus to be part of Taiwan, tensions will rise,” he added. .

“The [Japanese] Self-defense forces will have to be deployed to face [China] Coast Guard vessels that are more heavily armed than before, “he said.” Showing that you are ready to deal with specific situations has a deterrent effect.

China has taken the position since the 1970s that the Senkaku Islands are its territory. When Japan nationalized the islands in 2012, Chinese ships began to enter the territorial sea more frequently. In February, China enacted a new law that gave its coast guard extensive powers as a quasi-military organization, which led to more activity around the Senkaku Islands.

Some in the Japanese government believe that China is trying to put pressure on Japan, which has become more involved in the Taiwan issue.

Last April, Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga and US President Joe Biden underlined “the importance of peace and stability across the Taiwan Strait” in their joint statement following their meeting in Washington. It was the first time since 1969 that the island had been mentioned in a post-summit document by leaders of both nations. Japan also pledged to “strengthen its own national defense capabilities to further strengthen the alliance and regional security.”

China condemned the two countries for mentioning Taiwan, accusing them of interfering in China’s internal affairs.

The Chinese aircraft carrier Liaoning crosses the Miyako Strait near Okinawa en route to the Pacific on April 4. © Japan Defense Ministry Joint Chiefs Office via Reuters

Some Japanese government officials and ruling party lawmakers fear that depending on Japan’s actions, China may increase intrusions into the territorial sea around the Senkaku Islands, which could eventually lead to an inadvertent escalation between the guards. – coasts of countries.

Japan aims to cooperate with the United States and Europe to urge China to show restraint. Country leaders plan to discuss China’s continued intimidation in the East and South China Seas at the Group of Seven summit, to be held in the UK from next week, to highlight a united front to face the problem.

Japan plans to deepen security cooperation with European countries like the UK and France, in addition to strengthening security ties between the Quadrilateral Security Dialogue, or Quad, which brings together Japan, United States, Australia and India.

Japan will also seek to engage directly with China. On Thursday, senior officials from the foreign ministries of Japan and China held a video conference. Japanese Foreign Minister Toshimitsu Motegi told reporters the next day, “We will reach out to China and continue to monitor the situation.

In March, defense officials from the two countries held an online meeting to discuss a mechanism to prevent accidental collisions at sea and in the air.

Some lawmakers from the ruling Japanese parties and the opposition are convinced that the coast guard alone cannot stop the actions of the Chinese coast guard who have improved their weaponry. They think Japan should indicate how the Self-Defense Forces will get involved in deterring threats from China.



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The “Southern Mongolia Parliamentary Alliance” of Japan is of historical significance https://japononline.net/the-southern-mongolia-parliamentary-alliance-of-japan-is-of-historical-significance/ https://japononline.net/the-southern-mongolia-parliamentary-alliance-of-japan-is-of-historical-significance/#respond Thu, 03 Jun 2021 23:08:29 +0000 https://japononline.net/the-southern-mongolia-parliamentary-alliance-of-japan-is-of-historical-significance/ ~~ ~ Japan reached a historic milestone 76 years after the end of World War II. On April 21, he officially launched a parliamentary alliance in support of Southern (Inner) Mongolia. Reaction to China’s assimilation policy The formation of the alliance was triggered by the Chinese government’s abolition of Mongolian language education from fall 2020. […]]]>


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[3.11 Earthquake: Rebuilding]    10 years later: Tohoku's recovery and resilience with the world

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Japan reached a historic milestone 76 years after the end of World War II. On April 21, he officially launched a parliamentary alliance in support of Southern (Inner) Mongolia.

Reaction to China’s assimilation policy

The formation of the alliance was triggered by the Chinese government’s abolition of Mongolian language education from fall 2020.

As part of the decision, schools in the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region (IMAR) have been ordered to switch from lessons taught in Mongolian to instruction in Mandarin.

However, in response, Inner Mongols living in the region rallied and organized protest movements. There was support from Mongolia and elsewhere. Inner Mongolians living in Japan, the United States and Europe have expressed their opposition.

The world community has criticized the Chinese government’s cultural genocide at IMAR, comparing the situation to that in Xinjiang.

Japanese politicians Hiroshi Yamada and Hiroshi Ueno have shown deep understanding and sympathy. We share the recognition that Japan, as a great democratic nation, must help end the tyranny of the Chinese government.

Yamada and Ueno turned to other PLD politicians for their support, which led to the launch of the parliamentary alliance.

Alliance leader former minister Sanae Takaichi described the situation in southern Mongolia as a global problem as opposed to an internal one.

The formation of the alliance is historically important not only for southern Mongolia, but also for Japan.

Break with the historical visions of the post-war period

A key first step for Japan has been its detachment from its post-war historical views – particularly regarding its historical involvement in regions such as Taiwan, Manchuria and Inner Mongolia.

Since World War II, Japan has severed its political ties with Taiwan and “forgotten” Manchuria. Japan may have done so because it saw political consideration towards China as a priority.

However, Japan’s ties with Manchu migrants and the local region have not really been severed.

Japanese research on Manchuria was at the forefront of world colonial studies, and young people born in ancient Manchuria still regard Japan as an awesome country.

Their ancestors knew the good old days of Japan, and told their descendants that it was better than the harsh regime of China.

There are currently over 10,000 Mongolians with Manchu connections studying and working in Japan.

China continued to view the Mongols in eastern IMAR (former Manchuria) as a threat, seeing them as “spies working for Japan.” During the Cultural Revolution, 340,000 people in this region were arrested and around 30,000 were killed.

The formation of the parliamentary alliance in Japan is important because it illustrates a constructive involvement with a former colony. It is similar to the positive work of the UK and France with its former colonies.

Instead of summing up the past with words like “invasion” and “regrets,” Japan should be proud to support the region in areas like self-determination and modernization.

Break through the darkness of Yalta

Second, the formation of the alliance is linked to the “Yalta Accord”, which violates international law.

The Mongolian people regard their territory and civilization as different from that of China. After World War II, the Mongolian People’s Republic wanted the Southern Mongols to be liberated from Chinese and Japanese rule.

However, in the end, half of its territory was taken by China. The secret Yalta deal was one factor – a deal that was struck without any Mongolian or Japanese representatives.

Any agreement or treaty entered into without the parties concerned being involved is illegal. The Mongols and the Japanese should join forces and question the legality of the Yalta Accord. The formation of the parliamentary alliance therefore represents progress in this area.

Part of 20th century Japanese history was created with the Mongols on the Asian continent. The Mongols still view Japan as a trustworthy ally.

Going forward, Japan must help ensure that the Mongolian plateau becomes a foothold for Eurasia, in order to move the region away from China.

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(Find access to the Sankei Shimbun article in Japanese at this link.)

Author: Haiying Yang



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